|Biography||Curriculum Vitae||Recent Publications||Recent Grants|
Robert L. Fischer, PhD
In the News
May 12 2016
“The motivation to kill is both born out of desperation and opportunity,” explained Dr. Robert Fischer, Poverty Center co-director, to the Times-Picayune in “Why does New Orleans have more murders than similar cities? Experts search for answers” on May 11.
The article explores why New Orleans has a higher murder rate than cities of similar population and poverty level. For example, the population of Cleveland is larger and suffers from a slightly higher poverty rate but experiences fewer murders with a murder rate almost a third less than New Orleans in 2015.
Dr. Fischer believes that a connection between poverty and crime has been proven over time due to desperation and opportunity. “I think poverty drives both of those in a way because desperation makes you more likely to take risks and envision opportunity through a criminal act like homicide,” he said.
Plain Dealer Article Highlights CWRU Study on the Negative Effects of Poor Housing on Kindergarten Readiness
Apr 25 2016
Claudia Coulton, co-director of the Poverty Center, was interviewed for “Bad housing—not just due to lead poisoning—tied to lower kindergarten test scores,” an article by The Plain Dealer featuring the Poverty Center’s recent study as a part of their series Toxic Neglect.
In the report Leveraging Integrated Data Systems to Examine the Effect of Housing and Neighborhood Conditions on Kindergarten Readiness, Claudia Coulton, Francisca Richter, Seok Joo Kim, Robert Fischer, and Youngmin Cho examine the effects of housing deterioration on elevated lead levels and kindergarten readiness.
“The Case study points to the need for community leaders to pay closer attention to early warning signs that children are living in distressed housing,” Coulton said. She suggested the city could integrate its data concerning high lead risk houses with other organizations’ data on indicators of housing deterioration to create an “early warning system” to monitor properties posing a high risk for children.
Nonprofit Quarterly also commented on the Plain Dealer story in a feature as well as the Poverty Center report.
Click here for recent news from the Poverty Center about lead poisoning in children.
Apr 18 2016
The Ohio Education Research Center (OERC) recently released Investigating the Pathway to Proficiency from Birth Through 3rd Grade, a report examining the impact of early childhood risk factors on kindergarten readiness and third grade reading proficiency. This study was conducted by Claudia Coulton, PhD and Robert Fischer, PhD, co-directors of the Poverty Center.
This large-scale study used an integrated data system (IDS) to combine data from three different data sources. They used county-level individual data from the ChildHood Integrated Longitudinal Data (CHILD) System, state-level individual data from the Education Management Information System (EMIS), and neighborhood-level data from the Northeast Ohio Community and Neighborhood Data for Organizing (NEO CANDO).
Connecting these different data types provided a more comprehensive picture of the interactions of different risk factors, and allowed the researchers to investigate the connection between neighborhood poverty level and academic success.
Dr. Robert Fischer was previously interviewed by the Cleveland Plain Dealer about this report and its implications.